Lesson 9 Summary: To serve and to save.
Key Text: Isaiah 42:1
We are introduced to two servants in this lesson. One of whom is a nation and the other as being an individual servant.
Isaiah spoke of the servant with a mission of mercy Isaiah 42:3-7…”. we shall find His footprints beside the sickbed, in the novels of poverty, in the crowded alleys of the great city, and in every place where there are human hearts in need of consolation. ” read Desire of Ages pp.640.
The servant nation named as “Israel or Jacob” as in Isaiah 41:8, Isaiah 44:1,2,21…Isaiah 45:4 and Isaiah 48:20…because God addresses Israel/Jacob in the present and thus it is clear Jacob represents the nation descended from him.
The other servant nation becomes clear as the Isaiah’s passages developed as an individual who restores the tribes of Jacob (Israel) to God Isaiah 49:5,6 and dies sacrificially on behalf of sinners Isaiah 52:13-53:12 thus he cannot be same as a nation.
The unnamed individual servant Isaiah 42:1-7 whom God has chosen and on whom He puts His spirit has the following role and characters: provides justice for nations, accomplishes His goals quietly, gently but successful, is a teacher, serves as a covenant between God and gives the people light or hope by healing blindness and liberating prisoners.
Thus, the servant in Isaiah 42 is obviously, The Messiah (Messiah -the anointed one of God… One in whom God has chosen to do His good work)
The Persian “Messiah” predicted by Isaiah 44:26-45:6…a conqueror from the east and from the north Isaiah 41:2,3, 25.and implying this as good news for Jerusalem Isaiah 41:27 is Cyrus he did come from the North and East of Babylon and conquer it in 539BC he (Cyrus) served God by releasing the Jews from their Babylonian exile and he did authorize the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem (read Ezra 1). Which was hope in advance.
A feeling and suffering servant Isaiah 49:1-12
God calls and name Him before He is born, makes His mouth like a sword and will be glorified in Him…see (Matthew 1:21; John 8:12, 9:5, 17:1-5; Revelation 1:16, 19:15)
Deliverance requires a Deliverer. God’s servant nation would be delivered by two deliverers: Cyrus, who would set the captives free from Babylonian exile, and an unnamed Servant, whose identity as the Messiah is progressively revealed. this Servant would restore justice and bring the community of survivors back to God.